This “Municipal Solid Waste Management and Green Economy” report is the first of its kind released by the Global Young Academy (GYA). It is a policy report drafted by experts in the field and synthesized by scientists who are members of the GYA. The project is global in scope, multi-layered, and inclusive. This report considers issues that high, moderate, and low income countries face in seeking to address solid waste management and the green economy. The authors identify challenges that nations and stakeholders share and those that are unique to regional, social, and economic situations. The report provides both overarching regional statements and specific recommendations targeted to address case studies and similar situations.